Your gums may not be a large part of your body, but you should take good care of them to avoid any disease. Gum disease can really mess up things because you depend on your mouth for eating and drinking as well talking. If your gums and teeth are damaged, you can’t do either of these things properly. Therefore, it is important to learn about gum disease and dental treatments that can cure them. This article will explain the different kinds of dental treatments for gum disease.
Deep cleaning is the first treatment that will be recommended by your dentist. This procedure seeks to clean tartar off your teeth by using special apparatus. It is a professional treatment that cannot be performed at home. Plaque and tartar are removed from above and below your gum line, leaving them in a better position. You will be placed under local anesthetic for deep cleaning. Two methods are used for deep cleaning.
Scaling refers to scraping off tartar from your gum line.
In root planing, the dentist seeks to plane/smooth any uneven and exposed spots on the roots to seal off any space where harmful bacteria can enter and do damage.
If the gum disease has reached an advanced level, you will have to undergo surgery. Advanced gum disease occurs when your gum bone and supporting tissue is severely damaged. Surgical procedures include:
Bone graft surgery
In this procedure, your damaged gum bone is replaced by using bone fragments or “grafts” – sometimes with an artificial one.
These grafts help the bone to grow again properly. Nowadays bone graft surgery also includes tissue engineering. Another graft procedure includes replacing damaged tissue with tissue grafts, usually removed from the roof of your mouth.
This seeks to lift back the gums so that the surgeon can remove plaque and tartar. It also includes making surfaces of gum even so that bacteria cannot be collected. After the cleaning is complete, the teeth are fitted back into the teeth and space between them and the gums is decreased.
Guided tissue regeneration
This is done along with the flap surgery to encourage bone and tissue growth. A small mesh-like fabric is placed between the bone and gum tissue which stops the tissue growth in the bone area.
Finally, dentists may also recommend using antibiotics to cure gum disease, but their effectiveness is still not conclusive.
Treating Gum Disease At Different Stages
Gum Disease Treatment At Its Early Stage