Have you ever had canker sores? Some people may not know the word but canker sores are found inside the mouth. Canker sores are open sores that tend to appear in the soft tissues of the inside of the mouth. These tissues usually belong to the base of the gums, the tongue, the roof of the mouth, and the inner surfaces of the lips. A canker is identified by small tears in the mucous membranes of these tissues. The swelling of these tissues is also a common symptom. When canker sores come in contact with food or fluids we take often results in painful stinging and burning sensations. Cankers are usually solitary, although it is possible for small clusters to also develop. On sight, they appear as shallow open wounds, yellow or white in color. They are often surrounded by a border, or “halo” of swollen, red, irritated flesh. The good thing is you need not to worry about canker sores because eventually they will just last for about two weeks and they are not contagious.
Swollen gums could be an effect of different things, but the most common cause could be “gingivitis”. Swollen gums could be the first stage of gingivitis. At this stage, the soft tissue above the teeth may be mildly sore or sensitive, and it many bleed during brushing or flossing. Reversal of the condition if diagnosed this early is possible with a routine cleaning provided by a dentist or hygienist followed by proper home care. The best way to fight gum disease is with structured and thorough oral hygiene including brushing and flossing daily. Special rinses and toothpaste to fight early gingivitis can be purchased over the counter or provided by a professional, and of course, regular visits to the dentist and good preventative care habits are important not only to keeping infection at bay but also to overall oral health.
GUM DISEASE / PERIODONTAL DISEASE
Gum disease may seem like a small problem to think about, but it can develop to more serious problems. If bleeding gums are left untreated, the dilemma may increase and turn into Periodontitis. This is a more deadly condition in which the bone and gum really separate from the tooth, leaving a gap between the gum and tooth. Debris and bacteria build up in this area and break down the gum tissue and bone in the area, leaving the tooth unsecured. This can lead to loss of the tooth. Periodontal disease has been linked to an increased risk of developing heart disease. Bacteria from the mouth can get into the bloodstream when the gums are inflamed. There they can get mixed up with blood clotting cells called platelets. These clumps of cells and bacteria can lodge inside the walls of the blood vessels, causing heart stopping clots to form. These clots lead to heart disease. Keeping your gums healthy can reduce your risk of a heart attack.
The most common of all mouth problems is bad breath. Stinking foul odor coming out from the mouth is something you want to be shy about. One of the bad breath causes can be quite simply the food that you eat. However, there are certain foods you can use which will prevent bad breath rising up into your throat and then into your mouth, such as a sprig of parsley, lettuce and various other greens. Consuming food items which have not been cleaned properly can also bring on bad breath and you should bear this is mind for later on if you are eating raw or unprepared foods. Bad habits like smoking also contribute to having bad breath.
To summarize it all, it’s not clear what’s causing the problem, or attempts to remedy the situation don’t get rid of bad breath. In these cases, all one can do is treat the symptom rather than the underlying cause. First, visit you dentist and doctor to be sure there isn’t something you’ve missed and to confirm that you really do have bad breath because a lot of people actually think they have halitosis when they do not. If medical specialists confirm that you are fighting bad breath and that you are basically healthy, you’ll need to experiment with a few breath products to find something that works for you.